July 07 2020 0Comment

Phases of an architectural project

An architectural project develops in several phases. Moving to the next stage always requires the approval of the client from the previous stage. Thus, based on a constant dialogue between the client and the designer, it is guaranteed that the end result is the one that best meets their needs and desires. Following the first meeting, the client and the architect decide what will be designed, defining the Preliminary Program. For example: how many rooms, rooms and other spaces, as well as aesthetic options and budgetary constraints. The legal issues and plans in force are analyzed. It is also at this stage that the deadlines for preparing the project and the constitution of the team of designers are discussed. Following the decisions taken, the architect presents a fee proposal and a contract is concluded.
As a general rule, a project has 5 phases, which may vary depending on its degree of complexity.

Preliminary Study
It is at this stage that the architect develops the preliminary concept of the project, according to what was previously established. Usually, it consists of presenting drawings and / or images and / or models, in order to allow the client to fully understand the project that is proposed to him. It is at this stage that the development of Specialty Projects begins, under the direct coordination of the architect.

Preliminary Project / Request for License
Depending on the type of project, it may or may not need a license from the competent authorities. In this phase, the architect develops the project in accordance with what was established in the previous phase, preparing the approval process by the respective City Council, as well as the other entities involved in its licensing, before which the architect is the technical responsible for the architectural project. .
Simultaneously, or later, the licensing of the architectural project will proceed with the delivery of the remaining specialty projects legally required for approval.
If there is no need for licensing, this will be an intermediate stage of development of the project.

Execution Project / Measurements and Budgets
After approval by the competent entities, the architect prepares the Execution Project, presented in the form of drawings and texts, in which all the details are detailed. works necessary for the execution of the work (for example, construction processes, materials, etc.), easy to interpret by the various stakeholders.

List of Quantities / Measurements
At the same time, the process of executing a list of quantities based on the measurements begins, where the quantities of materials to be used, types of work and form of execution, in order to be able to later assess the value of the work (budget). It is from these documents – execution project, quantity and measurement list, together with the technical, general and specific conditions relating to the work – that in the future a budget will be presented to guarantee the contractor’s completion of the work.

Selection of the constructor
It is at this stage that the client selects the contractor of the work. The client at this stage analyzes the technical capacity of the contractors, as well as the price and deadline for completing the work. The price is not always a determining factor in the award, but rather the combination of a wide range of factors.
It is also at this stage that, according to the applicable legal rules, the director of work, the person who directs the execution of the work, ensuring its quality and compliance with the approved project.

Technical Assistance in the Execution
This is the phase of materializing all the work developed so far. It is up to the architect to provide clarification on any doubts regarding the reading of the drawings, to provide additional information on the project, helping the contractor to verify the quality of the materials and the execution of the works. This does not mean that the architect is obliged to provide technical assistance to the work. This situation should be provided for in the contract between the parties.